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  • 博物馆的墙面做出浮雕效果的方法
  • 本站编辑:杭州尚扬展览展示有限公司发布日期:2019-05-01 14:44 浏览次数:

博物馆墙面浮雕制作步骤。一:凿坯。如果是镂空或异形浮雕,可用钢丝锯(搜弓)将轮廓与镂空处锯出。然后用大三角刀在画好的白描线上全部刻一遍,以切断木材表面丝缕,再用大反口圆凿和大平凿交替使用凿坯出大形。一般先用作大体分层分面、后做局部细节处理。首先依据自上而下不同层次,由浅入深地打出与画面景物相应深度的轮廓线,接着刻出“空地”,也就是画面空隙的地方,如天空和地面。让所雕部分浮现出来。在浮出部分,根据景物的前后、远近交错参差的关系,打出相应高低、厚薄、深浅的大层次。最后进入“分大面”的阶段。分大面时,先打出物体的基本大形,再准确分出图像大体的比例结构。最后分层,分细节,对人物的五官衣纹、花卉的叶瓣、鸟类的羽毛、山石的安排,逐项处理好起伏、转折、质感、肌理等变化,再刻画出物象的特征和基本精神(如人物的表情)。  

步骤二:修光。先用锋利的平刀切好修好浮雕的边框或外轮廓线,再用反口圆刀或弯杆刀剔好“底地”,然后分别情况,从上层到底层或从底层到上层有顺序的修光。由于浮雕面积较大,层次多且内容丰富,假如东一刀西一刀,很不容易见效果,必须采取集中精力,各个击破的方法,修一处,清一处,直至最后完成。有些浮雕经修光后再用三角刀刻线,加工人物的发鬓,胡须,服装的衣纹,动物、鸟类的羽毛,山石的线纹,流水的波纹,花草的茎叶等。地脚光洁,线脚平整,刀脚流畅,图案洁净,无丝缕挂牵,无边角脱落,是对修光的最起码要求。

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Museum wall relief making steps. One: chisel. If it is hollow or special-shaped relief, you can use a wire saw(search bow) to cut the outline and hollow out. Then use a large trigonometry knife to engrave all the painted strokes on the painted lines to cut off the wood surface filaments, and then use the large reverse round chisel and the large flat chisel to ly use the chisel to form a large shape. It is generally used first as a general stratification and then as a local detail. First, according to the different levels from top to bottom, the outline line corresponding to the depth of the picture scene is drawn from the shallow depth, and then the "open space" is carved, that is, the place where the screen gap is, such as the sky and the ground. Let the carved part surface. In the floating part, according to the relationship between the front and rear of the scenery and the distance, the corresponding high and low, thin and shallow levels are played. Finally entered the stage of "division". When the large surface is divided, the basic large shape of the object is first played, and the approximate proportional structure of the image is accurately divided. Finally, the layers are stratified and the details are divided. The arrangement of the characters 'five-character clothing pattern, the leaf flap of the flowers, the feathers of the birds, and the mountain and stone are handled one by one. Then depict the characteristics and basic spirit of the object(such as the expression of the character).
Step 2: Repair. First, use a sharp flat knife to cut the border or outer outline of the relief, and then use an anti-round knife or a machete to remove the "bottom", and then separate the situation, from the top to the bottom or from the bottom to the top. Order the repair light. Due to the large area of reliefs, the layers are many and the content is rich. If the East knife is a knife, it is not easy to see the effect. It is necessary to focus on each method of breaking, repair one place, and clear one place until the final completion. Some reliefs are repaired and then engraved with a triangle knife to process the characters 'hair, beard, clothing patterns, feathers of animals and birds, lines of mountains and stones, ripples of running water, stems and leaves of flowers and plants. The feet are clean, the feet are flat, the knives are smooth, the patterns are clean, there is no thread, and no corners fall off. This is the minimum requirement for repairing light.

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